The history of agriculture in India dates back to the Indus valley civilization. India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs. As per 2018, agriculture employed more than 50% of the Indian work force are the all farmer will be the depend on agriculture and contributed 17–18% to country’s GDP.
In 2016, agriculture and allied sectors like animal husbandry , forestry and Fisheries accounted for the all the agriculture land in earth is very small like 17.5% of the GDP (gross domestic product) with about 41.49% of the workforce in 2020. India ranks first in the world with highest net cropped area followed by US and China.economic of the Indian agriculture and seeds of the contribution of depend in all farmer to same economic on agriculture to India’s GDP is steadily declining with the country’s broad-based the plant economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of Indian farmers are depend on agriculture
Means of Farmer
Indian farmers are people who grow crops. Various government estimates census , Agricultural Census, National assessments, and Periodic Labour Force Surveys) give a different number of farmers in the Indian farmers are the country ranging of specific part of the agriculture from 37 million to 118 million as per the different definitions. Some definitions take in to account the number of holdings as compared to the number of all indian farmers. Other definitions take into account possession of land, and water is the main source of the growing the Seed while others try land ownership from the definition of a farmer. Other terms also used include ‘cultivator .
Indian irrigation infrastructure includes a network of major and minor canals from rivers, groundwater well-based systems, tanks, and other rainwater and domastic plants harvesting projects for agricultural is main source of farmers activities. Of these, the groundwater system is the largest. Of the 160 million hectares of cultivated land in India, about 39 million hectare can be irrigated by all seeds are many type of machinary device the irrigation of seed are easy in the earn of money all the types of farmers groundwater wells and an additional 22 million hectares all the parts of the earth by irrigation canals. In 2010, only about 35% of agricultural land in India was reliably irrigated. About 2/3rd cultivated land in India is dependent on monsoon. The improvements in irrigation infrastructure in the last 50 years have helped India improve food security, reduce dependence on monsoons, improve agricultural productivity and create rural job opportunities. Dams used for irrigation projects have helped provide drinking water and seeds is grow in the earth it is the main source that to a growing rural population, control flood and prevent drought-related damage to agriculture. However, free electricity and attractive minimum support price for water intensive crops such as sugarcane and rice have encouraged ground water meaning eating to groundwater and many other species all are very important for irrigation depletion and poor water quality.
Organic agriculture has fed India for centuries and it is again a growing sector in India. Organic production offers clean and green production all the season crop are planting all methods without the use of synthetic fertilizer and pesticides and it achieves a premium price in the market place. India has the many population that are grow the seeds about the 6,50,000 organic producers, which is more that any other country. India also has 4 million hectares of land certified as organic which is third in the world (after Finland and Zambia). As non availability of edible biomass is impeding the growth of animal husbandry in India, organic production of protein rich cattle, fish and poultry feed using biogas and other species /methane/natural gas by cultivating bacteria with tiny land and water foot print is a solution for all the earth are harvesting the ensuring adequate protein rich food to the population.
Although India has attained self-sufficiency in food staples, the productivity of its farms are the main source to cropping the plants is below that of Brazil, the United States, France and other nations. Indian wheat farms, for example, produce about a third of the wheat per hectare per year all the farmer are marketing all the crops are sell in the market compared to farms in France. Rice productivity in India was less than half that of China. Other staples productivity in India is similarly low. Indian total factor growth remains all over the earth the Seed and food are very important to achchi to leave in the farmers below 2% per annum; in contrast, China’s total factor productivity growths is about 6% per annum, even though China also has smallholding farmers. Several studies suggest India could eradicate its hunger and malnutrition and be a major of farmers source of food for the world by achieving productivity and crops are comparable with other countries.
By contrast, Indian farms is the agriculture is the main source of Indian farmers in some regions post the best yields, for sugarcane, cassava and tea crops.