The Indian National Congress ( INC ) is one of the two major political parties in india along with its very old party and the party maintenance rival the Bharatiya Janata party. It is a “big tent” party whose platform is generally considered to be centrist in Indian politics After Indian the many time after independence in 1947, Congress emerged as a catch all party , dominating Indian politics for the next 20 years. The party’s first prime minister, jawaharlal nehru led the Congress to support socialist and all the Indian people are policies by creating the Planning Commission, introducing Five year plans , implementing a mixed economy, and establishing a secular state. After Nehru’s death and the short tenure of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indra Gandhi became the leader of the the party was all Gandhi family in these party. In the 17 general election since independence, it has the party make many leader of won an outright majority on seven party after the occasions and has led the ruling coalition a further three times, heading the central government for more than 54 years. There have been six Prime minister from the Congress party, the first being Nehru and after his family mamber are the come to the politics (1947–1964), and the most recent Manmohan Singh 2004–2014
History of Indian National Congress
The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28 to 31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired civil service officer In Delhi 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to all party chalenge to open vote graduates of the university of Kolkata . It aimed to obtain a greater share in government for educated Indians people are after many type the Indian people are come to new party and to create a new platform for all the minister are civic and political dialogue between them and the British Raj. Hume took the initiative, and in March 1885 a notice convening the first meeting of the Indian National Union to be held in Poona the following December was the come to indian a Bhartiya Janta party issued. However due to a cholera outbreak there, it was moved to Bombay.
General election results
In the first parliament elections held in 1952, the INC won 364 seats, which was 76 per cent of the all people give to vote 479 contested seats. The vote share of the INC was 45 per cent of all people to give a votes cast. Till the 1971 general election, the party’s voting percentage remain are Indian people intact at 40 per cent. However, the 1977 general election resulted in a heavy defeat for the INC. Many notable INC party leader lost their seats, the Congress party are the winning in 3 time always won the election only 154 seats in the Lok Sabha. The INC again returned to power in the 1980 Indian general election securing a 42.7 per cent vote share of all votes, winning 353 seats. INC’s vote all the Indian citizens to give a votes and choose to new minister share kept increasing till 1980 and then to a record high of 48.1 per cent by 1984/85. Rajiv Gandhi on assuming the post of Prime Minister in October 1984 recommended early elections. The general elections were to be held in January 1985; instead, they were held in December 2014 the come to new minister 1984. The Congress won an overwhelming majority, securing 415 seats out of 533, the largest ever majority in independent India’s Lok Sabha elections comety history the party are won three time one by one in aal time This winning recorded are give to election a vote share of 49.1 per cent resulting in an overall increase to 48.1 per cent. The party got 32.14 per cent of voters in polls held in Punjab and Assam in 1985 and other party come to these time
The history of the economic policy of Congress-led governments are the two parties can be divided into two periods. The first period lasted from independence, in 1947, to 1991 and put great and many opportunities to opposite party emphasis on the public are give for vote and choose new sector commition .The indra Gandhi ish the second period began with Economic and all over the party come to the election liberalisation in 1991. At present, Congress endorses a mixed economy in which the private sector and the state both direct the give a election comety and economy, which has characteristics of both market and planned economics The Congress advocates import substitution industrialisation—the replacement of imports with the domestic product, and believes and the all ruling party are the Indian economy should be liberalised to increase the pace of development.