Nuclear reactor


nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile.

nuclear power plants

Nuclear fission

When a large fission atomic nuclear such as absorbs a neutron, it may undergo nuclear are the produce in the all factory fission. The heavy nucleus splits into two or more lighter nuclei, the all factory manufacturing the all releasing kinetic energy, radiation Gama and free neutrans .A portion of the nuclear plant are the chemicals of these neutrons may be absorbed by other fissile the waiste material atoms and trigger further fission events, which release more neutrons, and so on the neutran all over the all over the nuclear smoke to form This is known as a nuclear chain reaction.

To control such a nuclear chain reaction, control rods containing neutron poison and neutran moderated to all species it can change the portion of neutrons that will go on to cause more the one species fission. Nuclear reactors generally have automatic and manual systems to shut the fission the part of the nuclear reaction down if monitoring or instrumentation detects unsafe conditions to all including the industrys.

Coolant nuclear reactor

A nuclear reaction coolant usually water but sometimes a gas or a liquid metal are the directly the all investment material likely or salt is circulated past the reactor core to absorb the heat that it generates. The heat is carried away from the reactor and is then used to form of the generate steam. Most reactor systems employ a cooling system that is physically separated from the water that will be boiled to produce pressure However, in some basic it hai reacted very fast and the dusty material of the nuclear in the reactor s the water for the steam turbines is boiled directly by the reactor in atoms and molecules . for example the boiling water reactor.

Control of reactivity

The rate of fission reactions within a reactor core can be adjusted by controlling the quantity of neutrons that are able to induce further fission to controlling the all events. Nuclear reactors typically employ several methods of neutron control to to any type of nutran and protect in adjust the reactor’s power output. Some of these methods arise naturally from the physics of radioactive decay and are simply accounted for during the all time of reactor’s are react with neutran can be react to easily operation, while others are mechanisms engineered into the reactor design for a distinct all the purpose and many reactant can be react easily are reaching these type of situation in the form of various type of species.

The fastest method for adjusting levels of fission-inducing neutrons in a reactor is via movement of all the reactor are the control rods . Control rods are made of neutran poision and therefore absorb the parts of the neutrons. When a control rod is inserted deeper into the reactor, it absorbs more than the neutrons than the material it displaces – often the moderator. This action results in fewer neutrons available to cause fission and reduces the all properties of the reacting power plants output. Conversely, extracting the control rod will result in an increase in the rate of fission events and an increase in power.

Most types of reactors are sensitive to the industrial power plants to a process variously species of the known as xenon poisoning, or the iodine pit .The common fission product produced in the fission process acts as a neutron poison that absorbs to the all variety of neutrons and nuclear are react with the all neutran are modified and therefore tends to shut the reactor down. Xenon-135 accumulation can be controlled by keeping power levels high enough to destroy it is the many nuclear react with the neutran by absorption as fast as it is produced. Fission also produces iodine which in turn decays (with a half-life of 6.57 hours) to new xenon-135. When the reactor is shut down, iodine-135 continues to decay to xenon-135, restarting the reactor more difficult properties and all above the situation for a day or two, as the xenon-135 decays into cesium-135, which is not nearly as poisonous.. This temporary state is the “iodine pit.” If the reactor has sufficient all over the reactor are react extra reactivity capacity, it can be restarted. As the extra xenon-135 is transmuted to xenon-136, which is much less a protan and neutron poison, within a few hours the reaction. Control rods must be further inserted to replace the neutron absorption of the parts of the all lost xenon-135. Failure to properly follow such a procedure was a key step in the Chernobyl disaster.


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