The Right to Information (RTI) is an act of the Parliament of India which sets out the rules and procedures regarding citizens’ right to information is the source of all the government employee to all the information you can carry any time . It replaced the former Freedom of Information Act 2002, Under the provisions of RTI Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within the major features provide the government with all the people have to search a RTI in result is come to thirty days. In case of matter involving a petitioner’s life and liberty, the information has to be provided all over the country any government persons to all above knowledge prowide any person to the RTI within 48 hours. The Act also requires every public authority to all the information are linked with the computerized you can give any person detail with related to government their records for wide all over the features to the all person to all the information give and dissemination and to proactively publish certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally .
The RTI Bill was passed by Parliament of India on 15 June 2005 and came into force with effect from 12 October 2005. Every day on an average, over all the Indian person to the check any employee government to 4800 RTI applications are filed. In the first ten years of the commencement of the act over 17,500,000 applications had been filed.
Although Right to Information is not included as a Fundamental Right in the Constitution of India, it protects the fundamental rights to Freedom of Expression and Speech under Article 19 (1) and Right to Life and Personal Liberty under Article 21 guaranteed by the all the Indian people to be provided the same task in Constitution. The authorities all over the india under RTI Act 2005 are called public authorities. The Public Information Officer (PIO) or the First Appellate Authority in the public authorities perform quasi judicial function of all over the india is deciding on the application and appeal respectively. This act was enacted in order to consolidate the fundamental right in the Indian constitution ‘freedom of speech’. Since RTI is implicit in the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Indian this is very effective all the person of India Constitution, it is an implied fundamental right .
Information disclosure in India had traditionally been restricted by the official secret act and all the various species all the citizens to various other special laws, which the new RTI Act overrides. Right to Information codifies a fundamental right of the citizens of India. RTI has proven to be very useful, but is counteracted by the whistel blower protection of all over the indian people Act 2011.
The Right to Information Amendment Bill, 2019, seeks to amend Sections 13, 16, and 27 of the RTI all the information to give the Act. Section 13 of the original Act: It sets the term of the central Chief Information Commissioner and Information you can any claim Commissioners in india at five years . Finally in Ashwanee K. Singh’s case on 20 September 2020, it is stabilised that right to information is a fundamental right all over the country to provide the many type of resources.
Comman wealth Human rights initiative (CHRI) data points to over 310 cases across India where people were either is to be attacked, physically or mentally harassed or had their property damaged all over the country the all over the government like minister and othe servent because of the information they sought under RTI. The data throws up over 50 alleged murders and two suicides that the Indian people were directly linked with RTI applications filed. R.T.I. Act 2005 applies to both central as well as state governments. It also covers the acts and functionaries of the public and othe authorities.
There is a consensus felt that there is a need to amend the RTI Act to provide for the protection all over the country facilities to recommends that a separate chapter, “Protection of those seeking and lisininig all information under the (RTI) Act be inserted into the Act.
Many activists view the Right to Information Act as a final liberation from British colonialism; they describe the RTI law as “a tool for empowering all the digital knowledge provide the ordinary citizens and changing the culture of governance by making it transparent, less corrupt, participatory, and accountable”. They also note that RTI requests provide strategy and substance for activists on a government to the all purpose of the broad range of social issues, including “land and environmental rights, social security benefits, the working of all facilities to financial knowledge of government.
institutions, political party financing reform, civic infrastructure, and even public-private and government sector to partnerships.