VEGETATION AND TUNDRA VEGETATION

Natural vegetation are gift of nature. They grow naturally. They follow the climate variable. Due to a variety of climates. A wide range of natural vegetation grows in India. Types of natural vegetation very according to climate soil, and altitude. A study of the distribution of the forest in India reveals that there is a marked relation between the rainfall Zones and their belts of naturally vegetation.

TYPE OF VEGETATION

Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests
Tropical Deciduous Forests
Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
Semi Desert and Deserts vegetation
Mangrove Forests
Montana Forests

TUNDRA VEGETATION

Alpine Tundra Biome: Location, Climate, Vegetation and Animals - Conserve  Energy Future


Tundra vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges, grasses, mosses, and lichens. Scattered trees grow in some tundra regions. The ecotone (or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree line or timberline. The tundra soil is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus.

LOCATION OF TUNDRA VEGETATION

Where is the Tundra Located?


The tundra is a treeless polar desert found in the high latitudes in the polar regions, primarily in Alaska, Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland, and Scandinavia, as well as sub-Antarctic islands. The region’s long, dry winters feature months of total darkness and extremely frigid temperatures

CHARACTERSTIC OF TUNDRA VEGETATION

Tundra Biome | National Geographic Society

Extremely cold climate.
Low biotic diversity.
Simple vegetation structure.
Limitation of drainage.
Short season of growth and reproduction.
Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material.
Large population oscillations.

CLIMATE OF TUNDRA VEGETATION
Tundra regions typically get less than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation annually, which means these areas are also considered deserts. They have long, cold winters with high winds and average temperatures below freezing for six to ten months of the year.

Examples of Plants found in the Tundra:
Tundra means treeless, therefore most of the plants in the tundra are low growing plants. Arctic Moss, Arctic Willow, Caribou Moss, Labrador Tea, Arctic Poppy, Cotton Grass, Lichens and Moss.

Various Tundra Plants
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos)
Labrador Tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)
Diamond Leaf Willow (Salix planifolia)
Arctic Moss (Calliergongiganteum)
Arctic Willow (Salix arctica)
Caribou Moss or Reindeer moss (Cladonia rangiferina)
Tufted Saxifrage (Saxifraga cespitosa)
Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla


Gardening In A Tundra Climate - Tips For Growing Tundra Plants
Tundra Land Biome Description and Characteristics
Life and Times of Tundra Plants: How Long Do They Live, and How They Are  Responding to Climate Change (U.S. National Park Service)
Taller plants on the tundra - Research Highlights - Nature Middle East

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