Natural vegetation are gift of nature. They grow naturally. They follow the climate variable. Due to a variety of climates. A wide range of natural vegetation grows in India. Types of natural vegetation very according to climate soil, and altitude. A study of the distribution of the forest in India reveals that there is a marked relation between the rainfall Zones and their belts of naturally vegetation.
TYPE OF VEGETATION
Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests
Tropical Deciduous Forests
Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
Semi Desert and Deserts vegetation
Tundra vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges, grasses, mosses, and lichens. Scattered trees grow in some tundra regions. The ecotone (or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree line or timberline. The tundra soil is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus.
LOCATION OF TUNDRA VEGETATION
The tundra is a treeless polar desert found in the high latitudes in the polar regions, primarily in Alaska, Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland, and Scandinavia, as well as sub-Antarctic islands. The region’s long, dry winters feature months of total darkness and extremely frigid temperatures
CHARACTERSTIC OF TUNDRA VEGETATION
Extremely cold climate.
Low biotic diversity.
Simple vegetation structure.
Limitation of drainage.
Short season of growth and reproduction.
Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material.
Large population oscillations.
CLIMATE OF TUNDRA VEGETATION
Tundra regions typically get less than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation annually, which means these areas are also considered deserts. They have long, cold winters with high winds and average temperatures below freezing for six to ten months of the year.
Examples of Plants found in the Tundra:
Tundra means treeless, therefore most of the plants in the tundra are low growing plants. Arctic Moss, Arctic Willow, Caribou Moss, Labrador Tea, Arctic Poppy, Cotton Grass, Lichens and Moss.
Various Tundra Plants
Labrador Tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)
Diamond Leaf Willow (Salix planifolia)
Arctic Moss (Calliergongiganteum)
Arctic Willow (Salix arctica)
Caribou Moss or Reindeer moss (Cladonia rangiferina)
Tufted Saxifrage (Saxifraga cespitosa)
Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla