Natural vegetation are gift of nature. They grow naturally. They follow the climate variable. Due to a variety of climates. A wide range of natural vegetation grows in India. Types of natural vegetation very according to climate soil, and altitude. A study of the distribution of the forest in India reveals that there is a marked relation between the rainfall Zones and their belts of naturally vegetation.
type of vegetation
- Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests
- Tropical Deciduous Forests
- Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
- Semi Desert and Deserts vegetation
- Mangrove Forests
- Montana Forests
A plant suited to the environment of arid regions of little rainfall that often stores water in its tissues or hollow center and reduces transpiration by total or seasonal leaflessness or by a densely hairy, waxy, varnished, or otherwise modified leaf : a xerophilous plant.
desert vegetation location
Although most deserts, such as the Sahara of North Africa and the deserts of the southwestern U.S., Mexico, and Australia, occur at low latitudes, another kind of desert, cold deserts, occur in the basin and range area of Utah and Nevada and in parts of western Asia
tpye of desert vegetation
Hot and Dry desert
Cold ocean currents contribute to the formation of coastal deserts. Air blowing toward shore, chilled by contact with cold water, produces a layer of fog. This heavy fog drifts onto land. Although humidity is high, the atmospheric changes that normally cause rainfall are not present.Coastal deserts have moderately brief winter seasons whose temperatures are 5°C and below, with the lowest recorded temperature being -4°C. The summer temperatures range from 13°C to 24°C, with 35°C being the highest ever experienced in the coastal deserts. Coastal deserts generally are found on the western edges of continents near the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Coastal deserts examples Namib Desert, Atacama Desert.
They have long, dry summers and cold winters with low rain or snowfall. In the United States, the Great Basin, the Colorado Plateau, and the Red Desert are all cold winter deserts.
Cold deserts are still dry but have extremely low temperatures in comparison to the other types of deserts. The Antarctic is an example of a cold desert.cold winter deserts include the Gobi desert in China and Mongolia and the Patagonian desert in Argentina.
hot and dry desert
He four major North American deserts of this type are the Chihuahua, Sonoran, Mojave and Great Basin. Others outside the U.S. include the Southern Asian realm, Neotropical (South and Central America), Ethiopian (Africa) and Australian.The seasons are generally warm throughout the year and very hot in the summer. The winters usually bring little rainfall.
Many mean annual temperatures range from 20-25° C. The extreme maximum ranges from 43.5-49° C. Minimum temperatures sometimes drop to -18° C.The Sahara is the largest hot desert in the world, and the third largest desert behind Antarctica and the Arctic, which are both cold deserts.
The major deserts of this type include the sagebrush of Utah, Montana and Great Basin. They also include the Nearctic realm (North America, Newfoundland, Greenland, Russia, Europe and northern Asia).The summers are moderately long and dry, and like hot deserts, the winters normally bring low concentrations of rainfall. Summer temperatures usually average between 21-27° C. It normally does not go above 38° C and evening temperatures are cool, at around 10° C. Cool nights help both plants and animals by reducing moisture loss from transpiration, sweating and breathing.Semi-arid climates include regions like the sagebrush areas of Utah, Montana and Great Basin. They also include areas in Newfoundland, Russia, Europe, Greenland and northern Asia. Semi-arid regions receive more rain, up to 20 inches per year at most, than arid deserts, which receive less than 10 inches per year
6 plants desert vegetation
- Pancake Prickly Pear Cactus.
- Barrel Cactus.
- Saguaro Cactus.
- Lace or Hedgehog Cactus.
- Organ Pipe Cactus.